The majority of the experts interviewed in the study predicted that the increased demand for mobility in the future will not be adequately served by road or rail traffic in 2035. However, progressive urbanization and growing population in regions around the major core cities lead to increased urban hinterland traffic. Citizens' demand for comfortable, flexible and secure mobility is growing, not only in cities, but also in rural areas. Sustainable and innovative concepts for passenger and goods mobility are considered as key roles for the reduction of traffic. In this way, quality of life and profitability in urban agglomerations can be improved. Not only public transport comes to its limits. In the future, Hessian roads will also have exceeded their capacity limits. The use of intelligent transport systems is intended to reduce the negative effects of traffic. Traffic efficiency and traffic safety need to be improved, existing traffic concepts must be optimised. Technological innovations, such as autonomous driving, can revolutionise the system. Already 44 per cent of the surveyed citizens can currently imagine using driverless cars in 2035.
These and many other results were found in the study "Logistics and Mobility in Hesse 2035". A variety of topics in seven fields of action of logistics and mobility were outlined. The Fraunhofer IML and the House of Logistics and Mobility (HOLM) have interviewed experts from business, science and politics as well as citizens of the federal state of Hesse in the form of online surveys, workshops and interviews. In addition to the presentation of promising, worldwide approaches, 102 recommendations for the cooperation of business, science, society and politics are given.
The study was released in September 2016.
Project lead: Tibor Hertelendy, Fraunhofer IML